Bukan is the capital of Bukan County, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran, one of 14 cities and towns in the province.
Its distance from the province′s capital is 184 kilometres.
Environmentally and climatically, Bukan is a highland with snow-capped mountains which looks like as beauty queen of Kurdistan. As regard to the history of the area, according to the archaeological findings, it should be said that from the earliest time the district of Bukan had been populated by ancient tribes, who were inhabited in the foothills of Zagros mountain chain. Archaeologically, the oldest remains that has been recovered here come from Gharagouz (4800-4100 Dalma), Nachit and Gharakend mounds (Bronze Age) The cultural sequence of Bukan, however, has been continued up to Qajar period. There have been recovered more than 150 sites in Bukan. This city is the capital of civilization about 3000 years ago under the name Izertu (Zirtu) was Mannaean.