Nowshahr is a city in and the capital of Noshahr County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. It is a port city, located on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea.
With its humid, subtropical climate, sea bathing in the waters of the Caspian, and the natural environment of its mountains, Nowshahr has long been a destination for domestic tourism in Iran. It attracts visitors by the hundreds of thousands every year to its hotels and private villas, by virtue of its transport links with the other cities of Northern Iran.
During the reign of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi Nowshahr was known unofficially as the ‘second capital’ or ‘summer capital’ of Iran because it was the city in which the Shah and most high-level government officials chose to live and work during the summer months.