Babol (Known as “Orange Blossom City”) is the capital of Babol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. Babol is divided into two metropolitan area.
Babol is located in the north of Iran, between the northern slopes of the Alborz Mountains and southern coast of the Caspian Sea. Babol is on the north-east of Tehran and is one of the most important cities in the north of Iran. It is the region’s chief center. Babol is a new name for the site of the ancient city of Mamatir, that then was named as Barforush. The city receives abundant rainfall. It is famous for its orange farms, for which it is dubbed “the city of orange blossoms”.
Founded in the 16th century, it was built on the site of the ancient city of Mamtir (deriving from “Mah Mithra” “great Mithra). Babol was formerly called Barforushdeh (meaning Market town) and Barforush afterwards.
The city is located approximately 20 kilometers south of Caspian Sea on the west bank of BabolRud River and receives abundant annual rainfall. Babol borders Babolsar and Fereydunkenar to the north, Qaem Shahr and Savad Kooh Shomali to the east, Savad Kooh to the southeast, Firuzkuh to the South and Amol to the west. Babol University is famous for its spectacular scenery.